- Switzer Report - https://switzersuperreport.com.au -

Creating a DIY super investment strategy

Once you’ve set up your self-managed super fund, you’ll need to work out an investment strategy that fits with the retirement goals and circumstances of you and anyone else in the fund. The investment strategy will not only help you manage your investments, but it can also serve as a useful document if the investment decisions of the fund are ever called into question by an auditor. It should include:

You will also need to consider whether one or more members should take out insurance cover.

An investment adviser or financial planner can help you prepare an investment strategy.

Alternatively, you can prepare your own by following these steps:

Step 1: set investment objectives

What’s your investment objective and how will it support your retirement plans? Start by answering some key questions, such as:

The answers to these questions should help you determine the investment objectives, which should be measurable, achievable and able to be communicated to the members of the fund. Examples of these objectives could be a simple statement, such as: “The fund will outperform inflation by 3% per annum over the long term,” or a more complex statement, such as: “The fund will keep pace with inflation while avoiding a negative return in any one year.”

Step 2: define asset weightings

As a trustee, you’ll need to decide where to invest your assets in the same way professional fund managers carefully determine how to allocate funds across the various asset classes. The investment plan should clearly state the types of asset classes you want to invest in – like equities, cash, fixed interest and property – as well as the percentage weightings (that is, the percentage of the fund that will be invested in that asset) and benchmarks for each asset class.

Different SMSFs will choose different asset class weightings based on their member’s investment timeframe, their level of risk, their need to protect capital, and potentially, their medium-term investment perspective. A fund that is prepared to take on more risk and has a longer investment timeframe is more likely to have a higher proportion of ‘growth’ oriented assets, such as equities and property, while a fund where capital protection is important will most likely have a higher proportion of ‘income’ oriented assets such as cash and fixed interest securities.

The percentage ranges for the various asset classes should be set wide enough to allow for day to day market variation, although not so wide as to render them useless as a monitoring tool.

Step 3: detail any other specific rules

After the asset allocation has been set in a way that will best meet your investment objectives, the final step is to detail any other investment rules or restrictions you wish to impose on the fund. These rules can be used to foster diversification, maintain adequate liquidity, or strengthen the probability of delivering strong after-tax returns.

Examples of these rules could be:

A sample investment strategy can be accessed at sample investment strategy [1].

What else should I consider?

Your investment strategy should be properly documented, as a written document will make it much easier to demonstrate to the fund’s auditor (and potentially the ATO) that the trustees have considered all the relevant issues. Moreover, where the trustees have invested in a single (or very material) asset such as business real property, or in “exotic” assets such as artworks or collectibles, a written strategy will assist in demonstrating that the relevant issues have been considered and that the investment is not ad hoc or reckless.

If the SMSF is to invest in a single asset or predominately a single asset (such as business real property), it is advisable for the trustees to formally record in the minutes of a meeting that they reached the decision after having considered the relevant issues. These would include:

Notwithstanding what is written in the investment strategy, trustees must always comply with the SIS Act investment rules. These rules are lengthy and sometimes quite complex, and a breach of one of these rules could lead to your SMSF being deemed ‘non-complying’ by the ATO. An intentional or reckless breach could further leave the trustees being liable to both civil and criminal penalties. To avoid problems, trustees should pay particular attention to the ‘in-house assets [2]’ rule.


Trustees are now required to consider whether the fund should take out insurance cover for one or more of its members. Insurances could be life cover, TPD (temporary or permanent disability) or income protection.

This requirement doesn’t mean that your fund needs to take out insurance – it just means that you need to consider whether to do so, or not. If you decide not to take out any insurance covers, it is probably a good idea to formally record this decision in a trustee minute every year, the same minute you make after reviewing the adequacy of your investment strategy.

Keep your strategy up-to-date

Finally, your investment strategy should not be a static document – it needs to be reviewed at least once a year, and certainly when the personal circumstances of any of the members change to ensure that it is still appropriate. These circumstances will include the death or departure of a member, the addition of a new member and the retirement of an existing member.